(1) There shall be a Supreme Court for Bangladesh (to be Known as the Supreme Court of Bangladesh) comprising the Appeallate Division and the High Court Division.
(2) The Supreme Court shall consist of the Chief Justice, to be known as the Chief Justice of Bangladesh, and such number of other Judges as the President may deem it necessary to appoint to each division.
(3) The Chief Justice, and the Judges appointed to the Appellate Division, shall sit only in that division, and the other Judges shall sit only in the High Court Division.
(4) Subject to the provisions of this Constitution the Chief Justice and the other Judges shall be independent in the exercise of their judicial functions.
The subordinate judiciary is under the control of High Court Division of the Bangladesh Supreme Court as per the provision of article 109 of the constitution.
Superintendence and control over courts
The High Court shall have superintendence and control over all courts [and tribunals] subordinate to it.
The Sub-ordinate judiciary is the creation of Act of parliamen.Article 114 of the constitution provides thus :
There shall be in addition to the Supreme Court such courts subordinate thereto as may be established by law.
The Sub-Ordinate Judiciary
The Sub-ordinate Judiciary of Bangladesh is divided into
Civil Jurisdictional Courts
1.Court of District Judge
2.Court of Additional District Judge
3.Court of Joint District Judge
4.Court of Senior Assistant Judge
5.Court of Assistant Judge
Every Administrative District of Bangladesh have these courts functioning to adjudicate civil disputes among the citizens
The Criminal Jurisdictional Courts
The criminal judiciary is divided into two
1.The Court of Session
The Court of Session
1. Court of Session Judge
2. Court of Additional Session Judge
3. Court of Assistant Session Judge
The Magistracy of Bangladesh is divided into two Class
1.The Judicial Magistrate
2.The Executive Magistrate
The Court of Judicial Magistrate are four in class
1.Court of Chief Judicial Magistrate
2.Court of 1st Class Judicial Magistrate
3.Court of 2nd Class Judicial Magistrate
4.Court of 3rd Class Judicial Magistrate
An executive Magistrate
is mainly an administrative Magistrate, holding the limited trial power only in mobile court. These Courts are functioning in every Administrative District.
Administrative Jurisdictional Tribunals
1.Administrative Appellate Tribunal. (Situated in the capital only)
2.Administrative Tribunal. (Situated in the capital only)
3.The Electricity court. (Administrative Magistrate of every District acts as such)
4.House Rent Controller. (Every District has this court)
5.The settlement Court (Situated only in the capital) . 6.The Land Appeal Board. (Situated only in the capital)
7 The Labour Court. (Few Administrative District have this court)